: Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador: Abuta grandifolia. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on internet. Accessed: Angiosperms · Menispermaceae · Abuta. Abuta grandifolia (Mart.) Sandwith This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Abuta (family. Abuta grandifolia is a species of plants with 1 observation.

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Roots of Abuta rufescens are used as medicinal in diseases of the urogenital tractbut it is dangerous. For other uses, see Abuta disambiguation.

Much more important than the fruits is the medicinal usage of the leaves, the bark and the roots. Bark used as Peruvian ayahuasca ingredient, dart poison and headache remedy Yahualicaspi is a 2 – 5 meter high tree, with yellow eatable fruits. Illustrations A-F from A. A decoction of the leaves mixed with the bark of “piton” is drunk by women before giving birth to speed the recovery of their their strength Lescure et al.

New cholinesterase inhibiting bisbenzylisoquinoline alkaloids from Abuta grandifolia.

You just have to cook the useful parts of the plant and take a granddifolia of it. The poison curare usually is made of a mixture of several plants, the combination depends on the tribe and the shaman, but it contains always one of the species mentioned above.


But both species are found more frequently further in jungle than at the foot of the Andes.

The genera Anelasma Miers and Batschia Thunb. In Ecuador it is used in labor for hemorrhage and pain, and grrandifolia been employed to treat colic in nervous children; according to Schultes, one treatment lasts for one year Schultes and Raffauff, Engler, Das Pflanzenreich Palmatine has a strong antipyretic action as well as a depressant effect on the blood pressure and the central nervous system Grenand et al.

Saponins and alkaloids from Abuta grandifolia

Among the Siona, a leaf infusion is used as a febrifuge, and also as grndifolia ingredient qbuta curare Schultes and Raffauff, Each tribe in the Amazon Region knows and uses this plant against several troubles such as headaches, stomachache, toothache, colds, sore throat, colic and tuberculosis.

The animals hunted with blowpipes and poisoned arrows or even humans die of the breakdown of the respiratory and heart muscles. But today this substance is produce artificially.

It has been chemically studied and shown to contain the alkaloids palmatine and derivatives of berberine. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. The Plant-Book 2nd ed. Views Read Edit View history. This effect utilises even our modern medicine injecting an extract of Chondrodendron tormentosum to relax the muscles of the patients during surgery.


In other projects Wikimedia Commons Wikispecies. It is also used to treat snakebite Schultes and Raffauff, Retrieved from ” https: The family of Menispemaceae is rich in alkaloid, which explains the usefulness of this group of plants.

See List of Abuta species. Abuta is one of the components of the arrow poison curare of some indigenous tribes of South America especially Abuta imene from Colombia. Abuta is usually classified in the tribe Anomospermeae Miers, together with Anomospermum Miers.

This vine whose range includes the Amazon Basin was originally collected in Shushufindi Vickers and Plowman, Flowers in composed panicles. Curare is a poison, which paralyses the muscles when it gets into the blood circuit.

New cholinesterase inhibiting bisbenzylisoquinoline alkaloids from Abuta grandifolia.

By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. It should be mentioned that Abuta grandifolia belongs to the same family as Chondrodendron tormentosum and Curares toxifera, which are the main components o the poison curare. Menispermaceae genera Neotropic ecozone flora Menispermaceae.