A brief note about the life of Catalina de Erauso, the “lieutenant nun.”. Lieutenant Nun: Memoir of a Basque Transvestite in the New World is Catalina de Erauso’s memoir about her experiences during the early s in Spain and. Lieutenant Nun is an autobiography that was written by Catalina de Erauso list of the characters in Lieutenant Nun and in-depth analyses of and Catalina.

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Other scholars, such as Sherry Velasco, have also written on the subject of gender and sexual identity. In this case he became a favourite of his employer, though his caalina temper soon got him in trouble.

In the picaresque genre, a male or female protagonist travels through his country, or the world, experiencing humorous, fantastic or scandalous adventures.

She found employment as a messenger, then as an accountant for a merchant in Vitoria, saving her money. At one point she was under the command of her own brother, Miguel, who never recognized her.

Meet Catalina De Erauso, The Cross-Dressing Warrior Nun Of 17th-Century Spain

She landed in present-day Venezuela and roamed to Colombia and Panama before heading to Peru. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

The rest of the crew perished. About this time, the Spanish painter Pacheco made a portrait of Erauso, which shows her to be tall and slim, dark-complexioned, with animated black eyes and a certain martial elegance in her stance.

cstalina If you want to know more about our chocolate chips, please visit our Privacy Policy page. Fighting the torrent, the small landing boat finally reached shore, but when the captain called the roll it was discovered that Francisco de Erauso had disappeared.


Catalina wrote or dictated an autobiography which was first published in Paris in at the request of Joaquin Maria Ferrer, a second time in Barcelona in and for the third time in Paris, with illustrations by Spanish artist Daniel Vierge. According to her autobiography, Catalina de Erauso was born inalthough the surviving record of her baptism notes a date of just a small indication of the confusion about many of the details of her tumultuous, adventure-filled life.

Wikimedia Commons Catalina De Erauso. Catalina seems to have been a fairly personable fellow, as he never had any difficulty finding work and seems to have aways done well at it. After a brief time in Paita, she went to Zana.

There I hid out for three days tracing and cutting clothing.

Catalina de Erauso, the Lieutenant Nun – HeadStuff

Apparently her physique was not feminine, which helped her with her deception. Reaching Lima, Erauso joined troops headed for southern Chile to take part in one of the most perilous campaigns of the Spanish conquest, known as the War of the Araucania. He was offered two alternatives, catalinw marry the mistress in order to help her master keep up a respectable charadeor leave the city. The widow then proposed that Catalina marry her daughter.

Retrieved 9 May She cut her hair and altered her clothing to appear masculine, and headed out on the road. In Chile Catalina enlisted in the Army. Search the University Website Search or browse our sitemap.

Catalina de Erauso

By Ciaran Conliffe Last updated Oct 7, She went to the fight with another person, and in the fight the man’s friend was killed. However, the man who was wounded in the face, came to challenge her again accompanied by two friends.


The daughter of a prominent 16th-century Spanish military family many of whom were colonizers of the AmericasCatalina de Erauso was born on the craggy coastline of Basque Country in the town of San Sebastian. It was normal at that time for girls to be placed in convents at a young age to be educated catzlina to Catholic tradition, promoting the learning of tasks appropriate to their sex to be subsequently to be betrothed “as God intended”.

Sent back to Spain, Catalina gains notoriety and attempts to get a military pension, in recognition for her years of service.

Her autobiography claims that this was due to an exemption granted by the Pope himself after she was presented to him and told him her story. At the same time, however, her life as a man seems also to correspond to other needs and desires as well. Filled with guilt and grief, he decided to desert from the army.

In the writings attributed to her, Erauso describes many hours spent wandering alone through the southern Chilean forests.