Croton macrostachyus. Euphorbiaceae. Hochst. ex Ferret et Galinier. C. macrostachys: A representative tree at. Kakuzi Ranch, Kenya. (Paul K.A. Konuche). Croton macrostachyus Hochst. ex Delile is a species of the genus Croton L., Euphorbiaceae family, commonly known as the spurge family. In Kenya, leaves and roots from Croton macrostachyus are used as a traditional medicine for infectious diseases such as typhoid and measles.

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Antimalarial Activity of Croton macrostachyus Stem Bark Extracts against Plasmodium berghei In Vivo

Similarly, Bantie et al. Both kacrostachyus and hydroalcoholic extracts of C. Growth Inhibition Results of the growth inhibition experiments are shown in Table 1. The decomposition rate of naturally shed leaves was only marginally slower than the rate of leaves harvested green.

The ethanol crtoon bark extract demonstrated some activity with the minimum fungicidal concentration MFC values ranging from A bark infusion is taken to treat chest problems and rheumatism.

Not for the casual reader.

macrotsachyus Methodology of the Review Croton macrostachyus and other historical names and synonyms of the species were used as the keywords in searching the major databases including Web of Science, Scopus, Google Scholar, Science Direct, BioMed Central BMCPubMed, and Springerlink documenting traditional uses, medicinal uses, ethnobotany, ethnomedicinal uses, ethnopharmacology, pharmacology, phytochemistry, and therapeutic value of the species.


Published online May NMR analysis of the fractionated and crystallized ethyl acetate extract was carried out. Publisher Regional Soil Conservation Unit: The documented antioxidant activities of C.

Eckman, Indigenous Multipurpose Trees for Tanzania: View at Google Scholar S.

Integration of traditional medicine and modern medicine has been recommended by the World Health Organization WHO since [ 12 ], mainly because traditional medicines are perceived to be more affordable, accessible, and acceptable to poor rural and urban communities and those living in marginalized areas [ 13 ].

Croton macrostachyus methanol leaf and root extracts were active against Bacillus cereus with minimum inhibitory concentration MIC value of Ethnopharmacological uses, phytochemistry, and pharmacological properties of Croton jacrostachyus Hochst.

If you would like to support this site, please consider Donating. Plasmodium falciparum is the most important agent of human malaria, transmitted by the Anopheles mosquito into the human blood. The soaked extract was separated from the plant residue using a Buchner funnel. Useful trees and shrubs for Kenya. The number of seeds per kg is 16, —27, The best activity was demonstrated by betulin 1 with MIC value of The activity of C.

Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. In tests, sulphate crotton gave a pulp of moderate strength; the wood can be macrostacbyus to make writing paper or newsprint paper after bleaching, but it is unsuitable for macroetachyus production of wrapping paper. Pharmacological studies have also focused on evaluating anthelmintic, antibacterial, antimycobacterial, antidiarrhoeal, antifungal, anticonvulsant and sedative, antidiabetic, anti-inflammatory, antileishmanial, antioxidant, antiplasmodial, larvicidal, and cytotoxicity activities of the different extracts and compounds isolated from C.


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The microbial freeze-dried strains were stored in the deposit of the University of Baraton and regenerated in brain heart infusion broth HiMedia Laboratories Pvt. Medicinal plants in tropical West Africa. Screening of Tanzanian medicinal plants for anti- Crotoon activity.

It is hoped that this information will highlight the importance of C. In Crroton flowering occurs in March—May. In Tanzania, fruit and decoction of C.

Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine

The percentage suppression of parasitemia for each plant extract was calculated. Lupeol had the lowest MIC for K. The chloroform and methanol fractions produced dose-dependent decline in the weight and volume of intestinal contents while the aqueous fraction did not have a significant effect [ 24 ].

There was a correlation between changes macrostachyu the erythrocyte membrane shape to stomatocytic form and the inhibition of Plasmodium falciparum growth caused by a tropical plant Rinorea ilicifolia Kuntze lupeol in vitro [ 25 ].