Autonomous Biological Control of Dactylopius opuntiae (Hemiptera: Dactyliiopidae) in a Prickly Pear Plantation With Ecological Management. The cochineal scale insect, Dactylopius opuntiae (Cockerell), is a key pest of Opuntia spp. (Plantae: Cactaceae). It reduces the plants’ useful-life and affects. The presence of the Opuntia cochineal scale insect, Dactylopius opuntiae ( Cockerell) (Hemiptera: Coccoidea: Dactylopiidae) is reported for the.

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Costa[1]. The feeding of the scale induces yellow areas on the cladode within a few weeks, subsequently causing its drop. The greater abundance of cochineal occurred between summer and autumn while the minimum opuntkae was recorded in spring.

Gerridae water striders Hermatobatidae Veliidae riffle bugs. Datasheet Dactylopius opuntiae prickly pear cochineal. The insect has been domesticated and is reared for its product.

We found that the probability of extinction of these insects in a cladode increases with its density, since the density and predator activity also increased.

Ichtiar Baru, pp. Each female excretes an ovisacinto which it lays an average of eggs. It is likely that, under dactylopiuus conditions, the cochineal have established an autonomous control.

Dactylopius opuntiae

It is the only genus in the family Dactylopiidae. Potential of terpenoids and mealybug extract to deter the establishment of Dactylopius opuntiae Hemiptera: Hemiptera of South America Scale insects. Pyrrhocoridae red bugs, cotton stainers Largidae bordered plant bugs. Belostomatidae giant water bugs Nepidae ractylopius scorpions, needle bugs.


This process was studied in a prickly pear plantation Opuntia megacanthaandOpuntia ficus-indica located in central Mexico. Distribution Maps Top of page You can pan and zoom the map. In order to identify signs of population regulation, we obtained histograms of the frequency distribution of the size of the clusters and determined if distribution is adjusted to a power function power law.

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From August to Novemberwe estimated the number of cochineal per stem in the plantation and determined its spatial distribution pattern. Cicadidae Tettigarctidae hairy cicadas. Aphrophoridae Cercopidae Clastopteridae Epipygidae Machaerotidae. In general, cochineals are waxy gray insects, but the adult females turn bright red when crushed, [4] due to their carminic acid content. Heteroptera with Coleorrhyncha were referred to as Prosorrhyncha. Laetilia coccidivoraandHyperaspis trifurcatawere the most active and their abundance was significantly correlated with the abundance of cochineal.

It is processed to produce the pigment carmine, which has long been used as a red food coloring and a natural dye for textiles.

The pest is capable of killing small cacti within months, or a large cactus within two years. Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad Enemigos dactylipius de Dactylopius opuntiae Cockerell en Opuntia ficus—indica L.

Distribution and habitat in Mexico of Dactylopius Costa Hemiptera: Dactylopiidae crawlers on Opuntia ficus-indica. Aclerdidae Asterolecaniidae pit scales Beesoniidae beesoniids Carayonemidae carayonemids Cerococcidae ornate pit scales Coccidae soft scales Conchaspididae Dactylopiidae cochineals Diaspididae armored scales Eriococcidae felt scales Halimococcidae pupillarial palm scales Kermesidae Kerriidae lac scales Lecanodiaspididae false pit scales Margarodidae cottony cushion scales, giant coccids, ground pearls Micrococcidae Mediterranean scales Monophlebidae giant scales Ortheziidae ensign scales Phenacoleachiidae phenacoleachiids Phoenicococcidae palm scales Pseudococcidae mealybugs Putoidae giant mealybugs Stictococcidae stictococcids.


It is a highly effective biological control agent. Views Read Edit View history. Hebridae velvet water bugs.

Archived at the Wayback Machine. Urostylididae Acanthosomatidae shield bugs Tessaratomidae giant shield bugs and relatives Dinidoridae Cydnidae burrowing bugs Thaumastellidae Parastrachiidae Corimelaenidae includes ebony bugs Lestoniidae Phloeidae Scutelleridae jewel bugs or metallic shield bugs Plataspidae Pentatomidae stink bugs Canopidae Megarididae.

More information about modern web browsers can be found at http: Ecological Entomology 7 4 Pyralidae as well as Dactylopius opuntiae Hemiptera: It is broadly known that the conservation of biological diversity in agricultural ecosystems contributes to pest control. This genus is monophyletic.

When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Don’t need the entire report? The red crawlers are armed with long filaments on the posterior part of their abdomen. Coleorrhyncha are a different clade from Heteroptera. Dactylopius is a genus of insect in dactlopius superfamily Coccoidea, the scale insects.

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Species of Opuntia with flat pads. Aetalionidae Cicadellidae leafhoppers Melizoderidae Membracidae typical treehoppers, thorn bugs Myerslopiidae. Dactylopius species can be found on cacti in many types of dry habitat, including forests, grasslands, cultivated fields, disturbed and weedy areas, and gardens.

Dactylopiidae on spineless cactus.