Instruction nº 01/, which establishes the criteria for sustainable .. outras providências (Decreto nº , de 23 de dezembro de ). de Residuos Solidos (Lei 12,/), Decreto Regulamentador (Dec. 7,/ ), Responsabilidade Compartilhada, Logistica Reversa. The City currently landfills the organic fraction of municipal solid waste. (MSW). ..
|Genre:||Health and Food|
|Published (Last):||11 April 2004|
|PDF File Size:||11.99 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||11.3 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
Chart 2 shows that in the three regions, of Brazil the main objectives are: However, only eight Consortia out of the 29 signaled the priority of access to resources as an incentive for the formation of Consortia. In addition, it shows the relevance of the evaluation and makes a proposal on how and what to evaluate in USW management through Public Consortia from the obtained results.
Elaborated by authors based upon data from: Public policy steps-second phase-desirable application e results observed on the 29 Consortia. Public Consortia as an Alternative Scale-Efficient?
210 gathering of information and empirical data our analysis reveals challenges that are not being addressed and that decrrto in both, the formation of Public Consortia, as well as the urban solid waste management alternatives. The informational gap identified led us to expand the purpose of the work, corroborating the vision of Ethridge to expose that the data and the data collection process can affect how one perceives the problem and how one takes conscience of it.
In particular, one of the biggest problems in densely urbanized areas, especially in metropolitan areas, is the lack of appropriate places to have the waste properly disposed.
They pointed out some advantages and disadvantages of municipalities deciding to create Consortia for SWM. Criteria for evaluating public policy: Financial, economic and technical issues are the main reasons for xecreto to seek a joint solution for their SWM.
As far as the formation of a Consortia is concerned, lack of Integrated Solid Waste Management Plans will require more efforts in training of human resources, since several ddecreto steps that should be part of the creation of Consortia requires, for example, under taking economic and financial feasibility studies.
Regulamenta a Lei no Regulamenta a Lei n The Research Problem and Objectives. Rio de Janeiro, RJ. There is a need to develop and implement a simple, but reliable tool that will help mayors in this process. Waste Management, 26, It also presents some requirements, such as closing landfills, creating plans, implementation of proper disposal of waste treatment, recycling, composting, gas recovery from landfills, planning and cost recovery initiatives.
Public Consortia is expected to reduce costs due to economies of scale and smaller demand for land. On the other hand, half of the 29 Consortia manifested the need for tax collection as a challenge to cover expenditure on maintaining services.
Any policy maker becomes apprehensive in analyzing these results. The PNRS imposes deadlines for the closure of dumpsites and the implementation of proper waste disposal, providing treatment, recycling, composting, gas recovery from landfills, planning and cost recovery initiatives, putting pressure on governments at all levels, especially the municipal, to comply with the new law.
The data from Chart 1 demonstrates that, for the 29 Consortia, the formation of Public Consortia tends to focus in municipalities with up to 50, inhabitants 6being the majority concentrated in the ranges between 10, to 50, inhabitants. The Law of PNRS, in general terms, brings the concepts of shared responsibility, inclusion of waste pickers and hierarchy-not generation, reduction, reuse, recycling, solid waste treatment and environmentally adequate disposal of waste.
This may make it impossible to plan the construction of regional and shared landfills.
Most do not meet environmentally safe MSW disposal levels because of a lack of sanitary landfills. Through these procedures we identified 77 Consortia: Lei dfcretode 05 de janeiro de These priorities include the reduction of waste generation, reducing final disposal on the ground, maximizing reuse, the selective collection and recycling, composting and energy recovery.
This is a relevant question from a public policy making point of view. Excessive generation of and scarce environmentally safe disposal sites for solid waste are among the biggest challenges facing modern society.
Objectives of the 29 Public Consortia.
In places without waste management policy, the first step is the implementation of a direct regulation. The results indicate that the following items must be considered in implementing SWM through Public Consortia: Since the Rio Conference 92, there has been the incorporation of new priorities for sustainable solid waste management, which has directed the action of Governments, industry and society.
decreto federal de pdf – PDF Files
The questionnaire was made available on a website for 30 days from May to June Data from the IBGE a confirms that the absence of such analyzes is a dominant reality in Brazilian municipalities, given that only Nevertheless, the absence of Integrated Solid Waste Management Plan at municipal and inter-municipal level is an example of one of those restrictions and was attested throughout the survey, confirming data from IBGE b showing that For doing so, we applied traditional evaluation criteria of public policy available in the specialized literature see Baumol and Oates, This study identifies the characteristics of Public Consortia, its advantages and disadvantages for urban solid waste management based upon the analysis of 29 Public Consortia in the Northeast, Southeast and South regions of Brazil.
Based upon the results of our sample of 29 Public Consortia in Brazil it is possible to evaluate this instrument, as a PNRS instrument. With the gathering of information and the collection of empirical data, it was possible to reveal problems that would otherwise go unnoticed, as the identification of primary issues in the management of solid waste that interfere in encouraging consortiums solutions.
Defreto, a questionnaire was elaborated with questions about characteristics, purposes and specificities of those 77 identified Consortia in the first survey. Arranjos Federativos e Desigualdades Regionais no Brasil.
Thus, it is recommended that studies and evaluations are conducted to check if and how these Plans have been drawn up, the qualifications of its developers, the representation of the local reality, and if it could potentially generate effectiveness, efficiency and equity.
decreto federal 7404 de 2010 pdf
The decisions in the area of municipal solid waste management are not df capital intensive, but also tough from the environmental and social points of view. In Table 4 we summarize a proposal of what should be considered in each criterion for evaluating SWM through Public Consortia based upon the Brazilian experience. Roura argues that a first phase of a public policy sets recognition, analysis, design, and consultation steps, as set out in the first column of Table 2.
In addition, it focuses in small municipalities, which present greater difficulties in the provision of MSWM services-lack of resources, infrastructure and technical capacity. In most countries, local authorities are charged with the responsibility of collecting and disposing of solid and liquid municipal wastes within their areas of jurisdiction municipalities or counties.
We also suggest how to evaluate whether each criterion was accomplished and, finally, decrfto make a connection with the lessons learned from results analysis for each criterion.