EPICURUS LETTER TO HERODOTUS PDF

Letter to Herodotus has 52 ratings and 1 review. Epicurus summarizes the key doctrines from “On Nature” (of which only a few fragments have been recovere. [Latest Updated MP3 Version here] [Vimeo Edition]Of all the original texts that are available from the ancient world, Epicurus’ Letter to Herodotus preserved by. EPICURUS’ LETTER TO HERODOTUS. SOME TEXTUAL NOTES. Luis Andr?s Bredlow Wenda. L ‘UP’ AND ‘DOWN’ IN INFINITE SPACE. 60 (,)1.

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From low to high, when even the object in motion, going from us to the places situated above our heads, meets ten thousand times with the feet of those who are above us; and from high to low, when in the same hedodotus it advances towards the heads of those who are below us.

They move with rapid motion; and this again explains why they present the appearance of the single continuous object, and retain the mutual interconnection which they had in the object, when they impinge upon the sense, such impact being due to the oscillation of the atoms in the interior of the solid object from which they come.

We must consider the whole body in a general way to derive its permanent nature from all of them, though it is not, as it were, formed by grouping them together in the same way as when from the particles themselves a larger aggregate is made up, whether these particles be primary or any magnitudes whatsoever less than the particular whole. But is it not unlimited pleasure at particular moments that one ought to seek to attain a happy life; rather, what is desired is the obtainment of pleasure and the absence of pain, fear, and perturbation in the long term, the state of being Epicurus calls ataraxia.

Again, hearing takes place when a current passes from the object, whether person or thing, which emits voice or sound or noise, or produces the sensation of hearing in any way whatever.

Consequently, that which has not an extreme, has no boundary; and if it has no boundary, it must be infinite, and not terminated by any limit. We need not adopt any fresh terms as preferable, but should employ the usual expressions about it.

This translation is by C. Accordingly, it is well to pay a scrupulous attention to existing phenomena and to the sensations, to the general sensations for general things, and to the particular sensations for particular things. Lilita Pudule rated it it was ok Nov 13, All these qualities, I repeat, merely give the body its own permanent nature.

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We must recognize that this analogy also holds of the minimum in the atom; it is only in minuteness that it differs from that which is observed by sense, but it follows the same analogy.

Hence, so long as the soul is in the body, it never loses sentience through the removal of some other part.

Of all this there is no beginning, since both atoms and void exist from everlasting. Historical Context for Letter to Herodotus by Epicurus. Book 10 contains the life and doctrines of Epicurus. The containing sheaths may be dislocated in whole or in part, and portions of the soul may thereby be lost; yet in spite of this the soul, if it manage to survive, will have sentience.

John rated it it was amazing May 06, There are no discussion topics on this book yet. Moreover, shapes and colors, magnitudes and weights, and in short all those qualities which are predicated of body, in so far as they are perpetual properties either of all bodies or of visible bodies, are knowable by sensation of these very properties: The rest of the body, on the other hand, even when it remains, either as a whole, or in any part, loses all feeling by the dispersion of that aggregate of atoms, whatever it may be, that forms the soul.

Letter to Herodotus by Epicurus. Here then, Herodotus, you have the chief doctrines of Physics in the form of a summary. For nobody can prove that in one sort of world there might not be contained, whereas in another sort of world there could not possibly be, the seeds out of which animals and plants arise and all the rest of the things we see.

Diogenes Laertius : The Letter of Epicurus to Herodotus

Further, we must hold that to arrive at accurate knowledge of the cause of things of most moment is the business of natural science, and that happiness depends on this viz. When these foundations are once laid we may pass to the study of those things, about which the evidence is not immediate.

Besides, you must not suppose that there are parts unlimited in number, be they ever so small, in any finite body. And further, we must not suppose that the worlds have necessarily one and the same shape.

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For these relations which they maintain with these lettdr, which are not subject to transformation, suffice to give them this characteristic of first measure.

But to attribute any and every magnitude to the atoms does not help to explain the differences of quality in things; moreover, in that case atoms large enough to be seen ought to have reached us, which is never observed to occur; nor can we conceive how its occurrence should be possible, in other words that an atom should become visible.

Hence those who call soul incorporeal speak foolishly. As to colour, he says in the twelfth book of his Principia, that it varies according to the position of the atoms.

Letter to Herodotus by Epicurus

Furthermore, the atoms, which have no void in them—out of which composite bodies arise and into which they are dissolved—vary indefinitely in their shapes; for so many varieties of things as we see could never have arisen out of a recurrence of a definite number of the same shapes.

For Epicurus, the purpose of philosophy was to attain the happy, tranquil life, characterized by aponiathe absence of pain and fear, and by living a self-sufficient life surrounded by friends. From which it follows that their rapidity also is incomparable; for they find everywhere an easy passage, and besides, their minuteness causes them to experience no shock, or at all events to experience but a very slight one, while a multitude of elements very soon encounter some resistance.

Miranda rated it liked it Apr 24, For there is nothing into which it can change. This is because each atom is separated from the rest by void, which is incapable of offering any resistance to the rebound; while it is the solidity of the atom which makes it rebound after a collision, however short the distance to which it rebounds, when it finds itself imprisoned in a mass of entangling atoms.

But it is not possible that these minima of the atom should group themselves together through the possession of motion.