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Overcoming Deep Inequality in Brazilian Cities: An Interview with Erminia Maricato
You are in a coalition and sometimes you have disputes within the same party. Maricato was a key player in four of the most important moments in the last 30 years of Brazilian urban reform.
It was clear that the cycle of democratic urban policy with direct democracy and an inversion erminiz priorities which started in the s was ending. The National Cities Conference was a huge national meeting that originated in the municipalities. These were important but wrminia fact is that Lula operated ambiguously by not openly opposing financial and frminia elites while, at the same time, favoring the workers.
When I left the government inI entered civil society and started working a lot on the idea of re-thinking urban reform. But from the point of view of political action I think that there was a cushioning of the transformative capacity to advance emancipation of the poor.
Urban Reformer: An interview with Erminia Maricato | Brasil Wire
She wrminia active in helping create and ratify the landmark Statute of the City inwhich creates guidelines for adherence to constitutional articles and and mandates that every city with a population over 20, has to facilitate a regular participatory development plan with full budget transparency.
It was such a good team that our sanitation department managed to hold a meeting with the IMF and convince them to free up resources that were blocked through the conditionality agreement.
At maricayo time, even during the Lula Government, the Minister of the Treasury was in favor of the structural adjustments. Lula increased the minimum salary and redistributed income through the Bolsa Familia program. If we could free ourselves from illegal campaign financing, it would be a revolution in Brazil. The big construction businesses in Brazil have been corrupt since the days of the Military Dictatorship.
Together, they are behaving like a political party that defends the interests of the upper middle class. Because this marvelous Ministry of the Cities team convinced the IMF that the application of funds for sanitation is not an expenditure, as the IMF accounting section treated it at the time, but an investment. The municipalities had conferences where delegates were elected to represent them at the state conferences. My main thesis for why it changed is because money appeared. I was invited to create the Ministry of the Cities and I encountered difficulties within the government.
During his second term the size of the coalition increased. It will definitely recuperate and I think that the earlier we have a proposal together and we are able to open space for this recuperation to happen democratically, the better. Maricato was an actor in the movement that created and ratified, through popular petition, articles and of the Brazilian erminiaa These articles declare that the social function of property overrides the profit motive and set guidelines for radical urban reform.
This is the national bourgeoisie that suffered setbacks and started to either disappear or internationalize during the Collor and Fernando Henrique Cardoso administrations. The working class and poor city is ignored and forgotten by public policy during the usual governments. When the resources began to arrive, our virtuous, participatory project lost space.
Lula increased the minimum salary and redistributed income through the Bolsa Familia program. By continuing to use this website, you agree to their use. New Attacks on Birthright Citizenship: I say this especially about the black population, which is very, very, very discriminated against in Brazil, and especially about women heads of households. He caused a huge increase in the number of working class and poor students in the university system through the PROUNI program.
But there was a lot of conflict within the government. They abandoned a political strategy that was more based on the ground, on the streets, in the factories, the neighborhoods, the schools, the hospitals, where we started from.
What are you doing to fight against this retrogression in terms of urban reform perpetrated by this coup government? She was active in helping create and ratify the landmark Statute mmaricato the City inwhich creates guidelines for adherence to constitutional articles and and mandates that every city with a population over 20, has to facilitate a regular participatory development plan with full budget transparency. In the beginning of the Lula government there was an internal dispute with the Ministry of the Cities under Olivio Dutra and our exceptional team.
In the beginning of the Lula government there was an internal dispute with the Ministry of the Cities under Olivio Dutra and our exceptional team.
The Frente Brasil Popular, which unites sectors of the progressive left, is discussing a new project for Brazil. A large part of these women work in the domestic service sector in this white, middle and upper income city.
Unfortunately, he maricaato with the conservatives on housing issues for the first three years of his mandate because of the Lulismo coalition and class alliances, and his marifato policy only began to flourish with democratic policies during his last year in office. Lula maintained an ambiguous posture between financial sector interests, the traditional interests of the large land owners and the interests of the working class.
We are seeing now that corruption is fully integrated into this new government. It was clear that the cycle of democratic urban policy with direct democracy and an inversion of priorities which started in the s was ending.
So at that moment I left the PT and returned to teaching. It has a future.
Urban Reformer: An interview with Erminia Maricato
The idea that you could invest in areas that do not make up part of this ideological representation of the city, which is a kind of visiting room for white people with money, is very difficult these days and only possible through a very advanced power coalition. We were living in a period of low investment—there was no money. During the Luiza Erundina administration we tried to make a pact with the business community and it had a hard time accepting us- it was even harder for the media.
Lava Jato could change Brazil and it would be very important if it did. We were able to build an innovative legal framework but it did not end up being implemented in very many places.
If we consider that we have suffered from a process of deindustrialization for the last 30 years I think that he could have a etminia but do not agree with this posture of non-confrontation. Send In The Clowns. So at that moment I left the PT and returned to teaching.