Actualmente hay mucha confusión entre la Esclerosis Múltiple (EM) y la Esclerosis Lateral Amiotrófica (ELA). La mayoría de la población. UpToDate, electronic clinical resource tool for physicians and patients that provides information on Adult Primary Care and Internal Medicine, Allergy and. Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis: update. Iatreia [online]. , vol, n.2, pp ISSN

Author: Mikasho Zubar
Country: Grenada
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Sex
Published (Last): 16 June 2010
Pages: 131
PDF File Size: 8.72 Mb
ePub File Size: 3.7 Mb
ISBN: 600-3-29013-587-8
Downloads: 84245
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Kazrajin

Sort by A-Z Shortest Wait. In addition, in Multiple Sclerosisthe neuropsychologist is fundamental for addressing cognitive deficits that develop in the disease course. The familial form of ALS usually only requires one parent to carry the gene responsible for the disease.

People may begin using suction devices to remove excess fluids or saliva and prevent choking. Some studies suggest that military veterans are about 1. Other symptoms that generally occur are cognitive impairments in memory, encoding and retrieval of information, and esclersois problems such as anxiety and depression. On the other hand, as mentioned before, patients with ALS only suffer from motor symptoms.

Nutritional support Nutritional support is an important part of the care of people with ALS. Concerning gender, there is a slight preference for males. For example, NINDS-supported scientists esclerosia currently investigating whether lowering levels of the SOD1 enzyme in the brain and spinal cord of individuals with SOD1 gene mutations would slow the rate of disease progression.

Gradualmente destruye los nervios responsables del latfral muscular. How to cite this article. New treatment options Potential therapies for ALS are being investigated in a range of disease models. A small percentage of individuals may experience problems with language or decision-making, and there is growing evidence that some may even develop a form of dementia over time.

Research in these models suggests that, depending on the gene mutation, motor neuron death is caused by a variety of cellular defects, including in the processing of RNA molecules and recycling of proteins, and structural impairments of motor neurons.

Consequently, management is based on support measures, such as those related to nutrition and ventilatory function, in addition to control of the motor and non-motor symptoms of the disease. The most common symptoms of Multiple Sclerosis are visual disturbances, balance problems, speech problems, tremors or hand shaking, muscle weakness in arms or legs, and loss of muscle strength.


How is ALS diagnosed?

Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) Fact Sheet

Multiple Sclerosis affects mainly women between the ages of 20 and 40, and in its primary progressive form, affects mainly men between the ages of 50 and Riluzole is believed to reduce damage to motor neurons by decreasing levels of glutamate, which transports messages esclerossis nerve cells and motor neurons. Regardless of where the symptoms first appear, muscle weakness and atrophy spread to other parts of the body as the disease progresses.

However, about 10 percent of people with ALS survive for 10 or more years. No cure has yet been found for ALS.

Esclerosis lateral amiotrófica | Rio Grande Regional Hospital

All information is kept confidential. Para el comentario de Milton mi abuela fue diagnosticada con esclerosis y le recomendaron las pastillas Rylutek, en verdad hemos visto que ha hecho que la enfermedad tenga un progreso mas lento, aunque estas pastillas no son de un precio muy accesible Saludos y mantente fuerteeee.

Clinical trials Many neurological disorders do not have effective treatment options. Doctors may place a breathing tube through the mouth or may surgically create a hole at the front of the neck and insert a tube leading to the windpipe tracheostomy.

ELA. Esclerosis lateral amiotrófica: qué necesitan saber las enfermeras | Nursing

Many times symptoms even disappear altogether which, however, does not esclersois these patients from deteriorating as a result of each attack. Messages from motor neurons in the brain called upper motor neurons are transmitted to motor neurons in the spinal cord and to motor nuclei of brain called lower motor neurons and from the spinal cord and motor nuclei of brain to a particular muscle or muscles.

However, evidence from scientific amioteofica suggests that both genetics and environment play a role in the development of ALS. Still others point to possible defects in the structure and shape of motor neurons, as well as increased latera, to environmental toxins. Initially, NIV may only be necessary at night. In both, treatment consists of drugs that slow the progression of the disease in combination with sessions of physiotherapy, occupational therapy and speech therapy.


Muscular Dystrophy Association S.

It is necessary to emphasize the severity of this disease since patients can eventually develop respiratory muscle dysfunction; as a result, patients with ALS live from 3 to 5 years after their diagnosis. Some of the early symptoms include:.

Other NINDS scientists are studying the use of glial-restricted progenitor cells which have the ability to develop into other support cells to slow laateral progression and improve respiratory function. Worldwide, prevalence ranges from 2 to 11 cases perpeople. Interestingly, the same mutation can be associated with atrophy of frontal-temporal lobes of the brain causing frontal-temporal lobe dementia.

Although family members of lateal with sporadic ALS are at an increased risk for the disease, the overall risk is very low and most will not develop ALS.

Otros tipos de tratamientos Fisioterapia: They eventually lose the lteral to breathe on their own and must depend on a ventilator. They can recommend aids such as computer-based speech synthesizers that use eye-tracking technology and can help people develop ways for responding to yes-or-no questions with their eyes or by other nonverbal means. Environmental factors In searching for the cause of ALS, researchers are also studying the impact of environmental factors.

Other gene mutations indicate defects in the natural process in which malfunctioning proteins are broken down and used to build new ones, known as protein recycling.

Biomarkers can be molecules derived from a bodily fluid such as those in the blood and cerebrospinal fluidan image of the brain or spinal cord, or a measure of the laterzl of a nerve or muscle to process latearl signals. The disease is progressive, meaning the symptoms get worse over time.

Multiple Sclerosis vs. Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis: How do they differ?

Overall, it is becoming increasingly clear that a number of cellular defects can lead to ltaeral neuron degeneration in ALS. Skip to main content. Range of motion and stretching exercises can help prevent painful spasticity and shortening contracture of muscles.