Simarubàcia, Simarubàcies o Simaroubaceae és una família de plantes amb flors. Sobre la seva classificació taxonòmica hi ha hagut un important debat. Họ (familia), Simaroubaceae . “The Ecological Impact of Allelopathy in Ailanthus altissima (Simaroubaceae)”. American “Simaroubàceae—Ailanthus family”. Euleria (Anacardiaceae) is Pier asma (Simaroubaceae): The genus genera of Simaroubaceae and species of Picrasma. .. Palinología de la familia.

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Rivero-Cruz and collaborators confirmed the cytotoxic activity of four canthinone derived alkaloids, isolated from Simarouba glauca, against human colon cancer, human oral epidermoid cancer, human hormone-dependent prostate cancer and human lung cancer cells.

A new role for botanical extracts. Ailantinone and glaucarubinone displayed effects against human pharynx epidermoid carcinoma Wright et al. The anti-inflammatory activity of a seterterpene lactone, two neolignans and a flavonol of Picrasma quassioides was proven Jiao et al. Chaparramarin, found in Castela tortuosa, has growth inhibitory activity against Heliothis virescens Kubo et al.

Pharmacological mechanisms underlying the anti-ulcer activity of methanol extract and canthinone of Simaba ferruginea A.

Família Simaroubaceae by Jesus Souza on Prezi

The last classification of Englerthe most used, was based simaroubaecae the number and nature of the carpels and styles, number and position of ovules, presence or absence of scales at the filaments’ base and composition of the leaf. Quassinoids from Ailanthus excelsa. Chaparrin from Castela nicholsoni. Non-quassinoid constituents from the twigs and thorns of Castela polyandra. Simaroubaceae standardized extracts in rodent models. Triterpene benzoates from the bark of Picramnia teapensis Simaroubaceae.


Structure determination of bitter principles of Ailanthus altissima. Kundu and Laskar simaroubacear the presence of nineteen flavonoids in five species of Ailanthus, among other metabolites, like chromones, fatty acids, volatile compounds, proteins and others.

The studies of Fernando and collaborators on rbcL sequence variation clearly showed that Simaroubaceae is polyphyletic, which based the recognition of the families Surianaceae sensu Cronquist, Kirkiaceae and Irvingiaceae, previously segregated to Simaroubaceae.

Glaucarubinone has also been reported to show activity against solid and multiresilient mammary tumors in rats Valeriote et al. Quassinoids exhibit greater selectivity against Plasmodium falciparum than aginst Entamoeba histolytica, Giardia intestinalis or Toxoplasma gondii in vitro. Quassimarin, a new antileukemic quassinoid from Quassia amara. In Brazil, this family is represented by the genera Sinaroubaceae and Picrolemma, in the Amazon, Castela and Picrasma, to the South; and Simaba, Simarouba and Picrolema, which are present troughout the country Arriaga et al.

Simarubàcies – Viquipèdia, l’enciclopèdia lliure

Plos One 4, e Isolation and characterization of a new glabretal triterpene from Quassia multiflora. The chemical compounds of this nature were, initially, known as “quassin”, after famiila physician named Quassi used the bark of Simaroubaceae plants to treat fever.

Characterization of quassinoids from the steams of Quassia indica. Discussion and Conclusion This paper is a review of the botanical, chemical and pharmacological characteristics of the major genera and species of Simaroubaceae family. In vitro studies of the anthelmintic famlia of Picrolemma sprucei Hook.

Structure of gniakialcohol, a new ionone derivative from Picrasma ailanthoides Planchon. AECHL-1, a quassinoid isolated from Ailanthus excelsa, inhibited the growth of melanoma, prostate cancer, carcinoma and mammary adenocarcinoma cell lines. In addition,Beyond them brusatol, as well as samaderins X and B, can be highlighted Kitagawa et al.


The species from this family have alternate compound or complete leafs, not punctuate, with or without thorns. Materials and methods Information regarding the botanical descriptions, the isolated and identified chemical constituents, and the pharmacological activities of isolated compounds or crude extracts of the main species of Simaroubaceae family, were retrieved from books and original articles found in several databases Medline, SciFinder, Periodicos Capes, Science Direct, Scopus and Web of Science in the period from tosimaroubaveae performed.

Cachet and collaborators demonstrated the antimalarial activity from simalikalactone E. Species of the genus Ailanthus display antiasthmatic and antiallergenic activities Kumar et al. Compounds with a higher antimalarial activity include: Cytotoxic against lymphocytic leukaemia, human nasopharynx carcinoma and human mammary adenocarcinoma.


On the other hand, Quassia amara showed antifertilizing properties Toma et al. Once the references were obtained, those considered relevant were selected. Quassinoids and a coumarin from Castela macrophylla Simzroubaceae. New findings on simalikalactone D, an antimalarial compound from Quassia amara L. Furthermore, Jiang and Zhou demonstrated the activity of four alkaloids, also derived from canthinone, isolated from Picrasma quassioides, against nasopharynx carcinoma cells.