Common Name: West African Rubber Tree. Funtumia elastica. Drawing of the leaves and flowers. Photograph by: Matilda Smith Public domain. Funtumia elastica (Preuss) Stapf [family APOCYNACEAE]. Common names. English West African rubber tree; Lagos silk rubber tree; bush rubber (Ghana. Description. Tree to 30 m tall; bole straight and cylindrical, crown narrow; bark brown to dark, thin, slightly fissured, becoming granular on old trees; Slash orange.

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Elatsica cells from C3H: HeJ mice were treated with the 3 sub-fractions of Yam-I in a priming assay, and proliferation was measured using CFSE staining in flow cytometry. HeJ mice Figure 5C, D.

Antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory properties of Funtumia elastica.

In a peritonitis assay, C3H: Electrophoretic analysis funtuumia heterogeneous lipopolysaccharides from various strains of Vibrio vulnificus biotypes 1 and 2 by silver staining and immunoblotting. The majority of in vitro macrophage activation exhibited by extracts of some immune enhancing botanicals is due to bacterial lipoproteins and lipopolysaccharides.

Three fractions were obtained, designated as Yam-I-1 to Yam-I Fractionation and characterization of biologically-active polysaccharides from Artemisia tripartita.

Adverse functions of ILA in experimental sepsis. This page was last modified on elasica Februaryat Jameson J, Havran WL. The manuscript will undergo copyediting, typesetting, and review of the resulting proof before it is published in its final citable form. First, we found that multiple lots from two different commercial sources exhibited similar bioactivity, suggesting that a random contaminant likely did not account for our results. Thin bar indicates mean, thick error bars represent SEM.

The average was based on expression in treated cells from 3 different calves and compared to their expression after uLPS middle and PBS left treatment. Yam-I was treated with two rounds of treatment with PMB beads, 2.


Funtumia elastica – Useful Tropical Plants

Antifungal property and phytochemical screening of the crude extracts of Funtumia elastica and Mallotus oppositifolius. Antigens in tea-beverage prime human Vgamma 2Vdelta 2 T cells in vitro and in vivo for memory and nonmemory antibacterial cytokine responses. Evidence for fumtumia of the gamma, delta T cell antigen receptor in cytotoxicity mediated by human alloantigen-specific T cell clones.

West Indian Med J. The bark contains a white latex which coagulates readily and produces about one-third of its weight of pure rubber.

Cookies help us deliver our services. Each resulting fraction was applied to bovine PBMC cultures for 24 hours.

The rubber is of good quality compared with para rubber, but its yield is much smaller and plantations suffer much more from insect funtukia. Suppression of allergic reaction by lambda-carrageenan: Human gamma delta T cells recognize alkylamines derived from microbes, edible plants, and tea: Eight hours after infection, mice were treated with varying doses of Yam-I by i.

Skin gammadelta T-cell functions in homeostasis and wound healing. The publisher’s final edited version of this article is available at Int Immunopharmacol.

Percentage values represent live lymphocytes having divided at least once. Immunoregulatory functions of gamma delta T cells. Macrophage immunomodulation and therapeutic potential. Supplementary Material 01 Click here to view. The relevant fractions were pooled and concentrated. Down modulation of the inflammatory response to bacterial infection by gamma delta T cells cytotoxic for activated macrophages.

Author manuscript; available in PMC Oct 1.

Antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory properties of Funtumia elastica.

Lines in Figure 2 represent the average relative gene expression levels of genes that changed at least 1. Views Read View source View history. Induction of gamma delta T-lymphocyte effector functions by fnutumia zoledronic acid in cancer patients in vivo. These fractions were analyzed by HPLC and approximate molecular weights were determined as follows: Therapeutic treatment with Yam-I resulted in decreased bacterial counts in feces from mice with Salmonella enterica serotype Typhimurium ST -induced enterocolitis.


HeOuJ funthmia 5 mice per groupand peritonitis was similarly measured. Briefly PBMCs from human donors were labeled with 2. Antigen recognition by human T cell receptor gamma-positive lymphocytes.

Funtumia elastica

A role for skin gamma delta T cells in wound repair. Innate immunity for biodefense: GraffEmily M. Please note that during the production process errors may be discovered which could affect the content, and all legal disclaimers that apply to the journal pertain. Briefly, the extracts were mixed with anthrone reagent elasfica. Differential production of interferon-gamma and interleukin-4 in response to Th1- and Th2-stimulating pathogens by gamma delta T cells in vivo.

Yam-I obtained from before and after two sequential rounds of PMB treatment was tested in the peritonitis model using C3H: Herbal products have been used as effective treatments for millennia and their use is increasing rapidly, yet in many cases their safety and specific mechanisms of action are not well defined. These cells localize to mucosal surfaces, where they play roles in innate protection and maintenance of homeostasis [ 346 ].

Pretreatment of mice with streptomycin provides a Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium colitis model that allows analysis of both pathogen and host. Inhibition of murine neutrophil recruitment in vivo by CXC chemokine receptor antagonists.