Length = (av. = ) �m; width = (av. = ) �m. Female: Adult white, lemon-shaped with large egg-mass often almost. During to in several nematological surveys in the Tepeaca Valley, Puebla, Mexico, carrot cyst nematode, Heterodera carotae was. General information about Heterodera carotae (HETDCA).

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Apiaceae, hetrrodera Daucus carota L. Laboratory methods for work with plant and soil nematodes. Turkish Journal of Zoology The most common variation is the presence of spherical refractive bodies within the tail, sometimes with associated swelling. The species of Heterodera found in the Tepeaca Valley, Puebla, Mexico carota parasitizing carrots has lemon shaped cysts, ambifenstrate, without bullae, long vulval slit and J2 with 4 incisures in the lateral field.

Two heteroderra were performed for each analysis. Symptoms of infestation with this nematode include patches of the crop with reduced growth, stunted individual plants with bronzed leaves, small distorted roots, a tangled overgrowth of rootlets and the characteristic cysts.

Tests of nine plant species from five families for infection of H. Return to Heteroderidae Menu.

EPPO Global Database

Journal of Nematology 24 4S: A, Cysts; B, Vulval cone. Up to now, 15 species of cyst nematodes from four carotxe, Globodera, Punctodera, Cactodera, and Heterodera have been known in Mexico and with our new finding of H.

Eggs are found in the cysts attached to the root systems of carrot plants and in plant debris and contaminated soil. Vermiform with a short rounded tail, cuticle annulated, stylet well developed, labial disc slightly oval with six indistinct postlabial annuli.


Patches with poorly developed carrots were observed in the infected fields of the Tepeaca Valley, Puebla, Mexico Fig. Patchy growth, yellowish leaves; distortion of tap root, due to early lignification, renders affected carrots unmarketable. Hterodera details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report. Gentry in Mexico City Franco-Navarro et al. Nematode description Cysts Light brown lemon shaped with small vulval cone.

Light brown lemon shaped with small vulval cone. Median esophageal bulb heherodera with distinct valve. Taxonomic Tree Top of page Domain: Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need. An improved technique for clearing and staining plant tissues for detection of nematodes. These symptoms correspond to those reported previously for H.

Views Read Edit View history. On Heterodera cruciferae n.

Adult males may be found after about 30 days; they are numerous and, in Italy, they were found free in the soil between October and November Ambrogioni, Currently, there are no reliable reports on the economic losses caused by representatives of the genus Cactodera. Bayesian inference of phylogenetic trees. Subcrystalline layer present, but fragile.

The measurements taken were vulval slit length, fenestral length and width. Heteroderinae, cyst and noncyst forming nematodes, in Nickle, W.

Nematology monographs and perspectives. The Mexican population of H. Although carrot yield losses caused by this nematode is not exactly estimated, however, the growers have been forced to stop sowing heterodega where the nematode is present. On carrots sown in March and heterdera in July Englandonly one generation developed, but on the main crop sown in May and harvested in November, it is possible for two generations to develop Jonesa.


Most, however, remain in the cyst for two to three months after it has turned brown. Preparation of nematodes for electron microscopy, in Southey, J.

Heterodera carotae Pest Information

The anterior region of the different nematode stages was observed and for the J2 and males the number of incisures in the lateral field were counted. Cephalic framework less heavily sclerotized than the well- developed spear. Spear knobs have concave anterior faces. Observation carotwe the morphology of Heterodera carotae and Heterodera avenae in Michigan.

Second stage juveniles Vermiform, anterior region heavily sclerotized, strong stylet well developed. Heteroderq species of the genus Globodera are reported in this country. Vermiform with short, bluntly rounded tail.

Heterodera carotae

The new sequences were deposited in the GenBank under accession numbers: Total seven unique COI haplotypes were identified for H. Our study showed that male stylet length is longer for H. Mexican Journal of Phytopathology Russian Journal of Nematology