Buy Examination of Three Faiths: A Thirteenth Century Essay in the Comparative Study of Religion by Ibn Kammuna, M. Perlmann (ISBN: ) from. : Ibn Kammuna’s Examination of the Three Faiths; A Thirteenth- Century Essay in the Comparative Study of Religion Translated from the Arabic. Ibn Kammūna’s Examination of the Three Faiths: A Thirteenth-Century Essay in the Comparative Study of Religion. Translated From the Arabic with an.

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Ibn Kammuna’s Examination of the three faiths

Piety and Ethics 7. Following the Thread of Intuition 5.

Examinatjon as a phenomenon of the human mind, it is essentially the same thing as intuition. On the other hand, his attraction to Sufi-style piety does not betray any influences of earlier Jewish ventures in the same direction, notably by the descendants of Maimonides. A series of generally facile arguments are given for the existence of God and his attributes. Academic Tools How to cite this entry. He may have been descended from a family of courtiers; he certainly had connections to some high officials, some of whom were ibh patrons.

Evaluation and Image in Modern Scholarship 4. Tzvi Langermann – – Arabic Sciences and Philosophy 15 2. In his copious writings he takes up the entire gamut of fhree issues discussed by his contemporaries.

Much of the research for this entry was exaination out during tenure of a grant from the German Israel Foundation for Scientific Development. Moshe Perlmann Berkeley and Los Angeles,pp.

The conundrum reverberated in the work of the following generations. For one matter, even in cases where hads is invoked, we rarely if tree can determine just what the syllogism is for which hads has revealed the middle term.

Earlier attempts to explain the phenomenon of prophecy in terms of the then-accepted workings of the human psyche, for example, that of Maimonides, found analogous or proto-prophetic symptoms in two types of human inspiration. Earlier editions must not be dismissed as worthless unless one can provide examples to prove such an extreme claim. On the other hand, Ibn Kammuna does employ in the shorter work several cognate terms to describe the person who can grasp a certain fact immediately and without od need for lengthy demonstration: All knowledge that is acquired is either a direct intuition, acquired by someone suitably equipped, or instruction in items of knowledge that has been acquired by someone else by intuition: The following paragraphs are an attempt to bring to the fore some salient points.


One drawback of this approach is the patchwork image it impresses upon the modern student, as if Ibn Kammuna set out to prepare a quiltwork of philosophical sources rather than to take a stand tbree the issues.

Ibn Kammuna’s Examination of the three faiths ( edition) | Open Library

It does however figure in the seventh and final section, which deals with psychology. Several paradoxes are associated with Ibn Kammuna, and these oc to exercise Iranian thinkers down to the present.

There remains the technical distinction, in that hadsand hads specifically, is said to disclose the middle term of the syllogism. In addition, he wrote three monographs, two of which aim to prove that the soul is eternal, and a third which refutes the claim that the soul is nothing but the temperament or mixture of the bodily humours, as well as the view that the soul comes into being along with the body.

Examinztion examine first the theoretical discussions following Langermann— Writings The latest studies on Ibn Kammuna have focused mainly on his psychology; his writings and doctrines in that field will be discussed below. Kammua, such as his New Wisdomaimed at a synthesis; others, like his commentary to Suhrawardi, are primarily an essay in the interpretation of the thought faihts others; yet others, e.

Arabic Sciences and Philosophy15— Hads was not just one more function to be faithd to the basket of terminologies used to explain psychological processes. MGWJ69—; L.

Here again Ibn Kammuna connects this special mode of cognition with tajribarepeated experience. Even if that plan never came to fruition no evidence of this longer version has as yet turned upit indicates his conviction that important topics ought to be discussed in all three formats, which presumably take into consideration the varying abilities of people to devote time to study. Animals other than man have a rational soul; this ties in to the question of metemsomatosis.

It includes chapters on the status and virtues of the talmudic sages; the Karaite arguments impeaching the sages; and the Rabbanites’ allegations concerning the Karaites. Waterhouse – – Philosophy 16 Whosoever abandons bodily excesses, makes the best of necessities, and keeps away from people [by living] in mountaintops and empty spaces, thinking about the fine points of divine wisdom, intensely and purely devoted to Him, and at times singing about this in well-known harmonious melodies, with poetic speech, about the greatness of God Most High—he will receive some of the divine pleasures, such that are impossible to describe, and speech is too restricted to express; that is, if he is endowed to accept this path.


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This approach has reaped some important insights, for example, the combination of Avicennan and Suhrawardian statements in connection with the notion of existence. We shall limit ourselves here to a few examples drawn from the partial edition of this commentary published by H.

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Here, however, Ibn Kammuna adds adds an important point. The Science of the Soul 5. Jewish and Islamic ethics have been intertwined all along; by the thirteenth century, some rabbinic ideas had become thoroughly islamicized on the one hand, and, on the other, Jewish versions of Sufism were well-established.

Rare indeed is the case, when hads is cited as the source of knowledge, that the writer will display the full syllogism and specify the middle term see Langermann—, and Gutas Both treatises display a thorough integration of religious and philosophical ideas and ideals. Philosophy East and West 22 4: We cite here the most important works, mainly in English.

By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Marrone – – Brill. No topic so engaged Ibn Kammuna more than the study of the human soul, especially its proper characterization and the proofs for its survival after the death of the body.

For a preliminary study, see Langemann ; the titles of this book are discussed in the final sections below. This is discussed in the next section. While this seems at first to be an odd mismatch of authorities, Ibn Kammuna was not the only Jewish thinker to harmonize the two eminent Andalusians. The publication of the book caused rioting in Baghdadforcing Ibn Kammuna to flee that city in secret and was recorded by the thirteenth century historian Ibn al-Fuwati.

Here, too, Judah Halevi and Maimonides are drawn upon extensively, and the author stresses that his is a new approach. The Foundations of Living Faiths: Yet in the pietistic writings, where one would expect to find the usual Sufi term, dhawq is not employed.